Therapeutic and Medicinal Uses of Terpenes

Medicinal Uses of Terpenes

Terpenes are a family of organic compounds found in trees and plants. They have a wide range of biological properties, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Their action on inflammation is pleiotropic, which means that they can influence multiple pathways at the same time to produce an overall effect. These properties have broad implications for human health. This review summarizes some of the major therapeutic and medicinal uses of terpenes.

Some Terpenes for sale near me have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and antioxidant activities. Their anti-inflammatory properties are attributed to their potency, although they are not fully understood. Research has also shown that terpenes may protect against aging processes and different diseases. Several terpenes are highly effective against a variety of conditions, including cancer. For example, a-pinene and d-limonene have shown antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In vitro studies cannot be extrapolated to humans, so controlled clinical trials are necessary to verify their efficacy. Further, terpenes are poorly soluble and unstable, so it is important to design specialized nanocarriers to deliver these molecules to patients.

Another terpene with medicinal value is guaiol. This sesquiterpene is found in slow-growing trees and shrubs and is used in moxibustion, a Japanese medicinal practice where mugwort is burned near the skin. In China, flakes containing isoborneol, also known as Bingpain, are used in a variety of topical salves and creams.

Therapeutic and Medicinal Uses of Terpenes

Several terpenes are known to have anti-microbial properties and are used in traditional and modern medicine. Some of these compounds include limonene and helichrysum italicum, which are used as an anti-fungal and anti-bacterial agent. While the benefits of limonene and a number of terpenes are not yet well understood, limonene is safe to supplement.

The acyclic sesquiterpene compounds present in some plants act as natural pesticides and pheromones for various animals. Sesquiterpene lactones, which are found in certain plants, can inhibit respiratory syncytial virus. Sesquiterpenes are also used as powerful antimalarial drugs, including Artemisinin, which is obtained from the flower part of the plant.

One of the most promising uses of terpenes is for their antiplasmodial effects. Researchers have found that terpenes can kill parasites by binding to the hemin part of infected erythrocytes. Hemin is a component of erythrocytes and contains iron, which is required for the parasite to grow. In addition, the bacterium that produces plasmodium does not yet contain any enzymes that can break hemin. This means that the binding of terpenes to the hemin component is responsible for the parasite lysis.

Several studies have demonstrated that limonene, one of the most commonly used terpenes, may help prevent and treat cancer. It is effective against breast cancer and other types of cancer by suppressing the cyclin D1 enzyme, preventing cell growth and inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells. Research shows that limonene from pinecones can also kill lung cancer cells in vitro. Its ability to kill cancer cells is attributed to its activation of the caspase-3 pathway.

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Category: Medicine